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常春藤解析英语【49】Out with the Old, In with the New Year 除旧布新迎新年

2010-08-13 18:03:20 来源:常春藤英语
Out with the Old, In with the New Year 除旧布新迎新年

by Levi King

"Three, two, one, Happy New Year!" Most people are familiar with the dropping of the ball of lights in New York City, along with the famous fireworks displays in Rio de Janeiro, Sydney, and Taipei. But here are a few lesser-known New Year's Day traditions from around the globe.

In Japan, people send postcards to friends and family. They also fly kites, play games, and read poetry. Some traditions related to Chinese New Year are banging gongs to drive away bad luck and spirits and giving money to children on January 1.

In Spanish-speaking countries around the world, wearing red underwear on New Year's Day is thought to bring good luck in love. In Ecuador, people burn dummies stuffed with paper and firecrackers to symbolize the death of the old year. In Spain and Mexico, people eat 12 grapes to ensure 12 lucky months.

In Scotland, home of the famous New Year song, "Auld Lang Syne," people bring gifts to neighbors just after midnight. In Denmark, people smash old plates to attract new friends. Dutch people believe that doughnuts are good luck because their ring shape symbolizes a complete year.

Around the world, it's common practice to give a loved one a kiss at midnight on New Year's Day. People of many countries also make resolutions, believing that the new year is a good time to leave bad habits behind. Common resolutions include dieting, exercising, or quitting smoking.

Throw a party, watch some fireworks, eat a special food, or make a resolution. No matter where you are, there are plenty of great ways to welcome the New Year.

1. Rio de Janeiro is known for its famous New Year's _____.
(A) resolutions
(B) fireworks show
(C) underwear
(D) ball drop

2. Which of the following is NOT a common New Year's resolution?
(A) Eating doughnuts.
(B) Working out.
(C) Giving up smoking.
(D) Going on a diet.

3. Some New Year's customs in Japan _____.
(A) are derived from Chinese New Year traditions
(B) bring bad luck in other countries
(C) are a closely guarded secret
(D) actually take place in July or August


1. be familiar with...  对……熟悉,熟悉……
be familiar to sb  对某人而言很熟悉
例: Are you familiar with the head librarian at our university?
例: Rice paddies are familiar to me because I grew up in the countryside.

2. along with...  连同……(一起)
= together with...
例: James, along with Tina, went to Victor's wedding.

3. display n. 展示 & vt. 展现
fireworks display  烟火秀
on display  展示中
= on exhibition
例: Linda's sculptures are on display in the lobby of this hotel.
例: The locals tend to display hostility toward strangers.

4. be related to...  与……有关
例: This TV series is related to the movie of the same name.

5. drive away...  赶走……
例: This device is guaranteed to drive away mosquitoes.

6. be stuffed with...  塞满……
例: Cindy's suitcase was stuffed with new clothes when she came back from Paris.

7. symbolize vt. 象征
例: The red rose symbolizes love in most cultures.

8. attract vt. 吸引
be attracted by/to...  被……所吸引
例: The bull was attracted by the bullfighter's red cape.
例: Children are easily attracted to toys.

9. make resolutions/a resolution  下决心
make a resolution to V   下决心做……
= be determined to V
= resolve to V
* resolution n. 决心
* resolve vt. 下决心
例: I made a resolution to quit smoking this year.

10. leave...behind  将……抛在后面;遗忘……
例: James accidentally left his cell phone behind in the cab.

11. work out  运动,健身
例: Todd lost a few pounds by working out every day.

12. go on a diet  节食,控制饮食
例: After a woman has a baby, she often needs to go on a diet.

13. be derived from...  来自∕起源于……
例: The word "mother" is derived from the Latin word "mater."
("mother" 这个字源自拉丁文的 "mater"。)

14. take place  发生;举行
例: When did the Gulf War take place?


1.firework n. 烟火(常用复数)
set off fireworks  施放烟火
2.lesser-known a. 较不为人知的
3.postcard n. 明信片
4.kite n. 风筝
fly a kite  放风筝
5.poetry n. 诗(不可数名词)
poem n. 诗(可数名词)
6.bang vt. 敲击
7.gong n. 锣
8.spirit n. 鬼魂
9.underwear n. 内衣裤
10.dummy n. 假人
11.firecracker n. 鞭炮(常用复数)
set off firecrackers  放鞭炮
12.ensure vt. 确保
13.Auld Lang Syne n. 骊歌

auld lang syne 为苏格兰文,直译成英文是 "old long since" 或 "times gone by",意思是『逝去已久的日子』,在很多西方国家,这首歌通常会在除夕夜演唱,象征送走旧年,迎接新年的来临。

14.smash vt. 砸碎
15.doughnut n. 甜甜圈
16.custom n. 习俗
17.guarded a. 受到守护的


1. throw a party  举行派对
= hold/have a party
2. be known for sth  以某事物闻名
3. give up...  戒除……;放弃……








1. 里约热内卢以其新年的 _____ 闻名。
(A) 新希望
(B) 烟火秀
(C) 内衣裤
(D) 球体落下
题解: 第一段提到人们对里约热内卢、雪梨和台北闻名的烟火秀也不陌生,由此可知,应选 (B)。

2. 下列何者不是常见的新年新希望?
(A) 吃甜甜圈。
(B) 健身。
(C) 戒烟。
(D) 减肥。
题解: 根据第五段,常见的新年新希望包括减肥、运动或戒烟,只有 (A) 未被提及,故选之。

3. 有些日本的新年习俗 _____。
(A) 源自于中国春节的传统
(B) 在其它国家会带来厄运
(C) 是严格守护的秘密
(D) 实际上在七、八月时发生
题解: 根据第二段,日本的新年习俗有敲锣打鼓来赶走霉运和恶灵,在元旦包红包给小孩子,而这些是与中国春节相关的传统,故选 (A)。

标准答案: 1. (B) 2. (A) 3. (A)

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