世博英语是一个公益性免费英语学习网站。自1999年成立以来,长期致力于在线英语教学,尽己之力助学进步。 设为首页 - 加入收藏
  网站首页世博阅读版世博听说版世博原创课程全球英语资源导航  

常春藤生活英语【120】Cinco de Mayo 光辉五月五

2011-03-25 11:47:12 来源:常春藤英语
 
 
Cinco de Mayo 光辉五月五

Cinco de Mayo is Spanish for the "Fifth of May," and it is a day to eat, drink, and celebrate the great country of Mexico. Many people believe that Cinco de Mayo is Mexico's Independence Day, but that is not true. In 1862, a Mexican army in Puebla, though greatly outnumbered, defeated French troops who were invading Mexico. Because of this, Cinco de Mayo is now a day to celebrate overcoming obstacles, no matter how great they are.

Interestingly, Cinco de Mayo celebrations were actually started in California, not Mexico. It was reported that the celebrations were held to show rebellion against France's eventual occupation of Mexico. Even today, more people celebrate this holiday in the US than in Mexico. The celebrations usually involve feasts and dancing. For Mexican emigrants living around the world, Cinco de Mayo is also a time to honor their home country and their heritage. This May, no matter where you live, take a moment to reflect on the obstacles you have overcome in your life. Then, play some lively music, cook some Mexican food, and enjoy this great holiday!

Cinco de Mayo是西班牙文中的『五月五日』之意,而这也是个吃吃喝喝、盛赞墨西哥这个伟大国度的一天。许多人都认为Cinco de Mayo是墨西哥的独立纪念日,但这并非为真。1862年,一支位在Puebla的墨西哥军队,尽管必须以寡敌众,却依然击退入侵墨西哥的法国部队(编按:Puebla为墨西哥的一省,地处该国的中部偏东)。因此,Cinco de Mayo如今是个颂扬克服阻碍的日子,不论这些阻碍有多么艰难。

有趣的是,Cinco de Mayo的庆祝活动其实是发源于加州,而非墨西哥。据传之所以举办这些庆祝活动,是为了表达对于法国最终占领墨西哥的反抗之意。即便到了今日,美国国内庆祝这个节日的人还是比墨西哥要来得多。庆祝活动通常包含了盛宴及舞蹈。对于住在世界各地的墨西哥移民而言,Cinco de Mayo也是一个崇敬他们祖国和传统的日子。今年五月,不论您住在哪里,请花片刻来仔细回想您在人生中曾克服的障碍。接着播放一些轻快的音乐,煮上一点墨西哥食物,然后好好享受这个精采的节日吧!

1. What is the purpose of Cinco de Mayo?
(A) To celebrate Mexico's independence.
(B) To honor the founding fathers of Mexico.
(C) To remember the end of France's rule over Mexico in 1862.
(D) To celebrate a historic event as well as the meaning it represents.

1. Cinco de Mayo 这个节日的目的为何?
(A) 庆祝墨西哥的独立。
(B) 尊崇墨西哥的开国元勋。
(C) 纪念墨西哥于1862年脱离法国的统治。
(D) 颂扬一个历史性的事件及其所代表的意义。

2. Which of the following is true of Cinco de Mayo?
(A) This holiday is primarily celebrated in the US.
(B) The celebrations of this holiday began in Puebla, Mexico.
(C) Mexicans around the world return to their home country on this day.
(D) People who first celebrated this day supported France's occupation of Mexico.

2. 关于Cinco de Mayo,下列何者为真?
(A) 这个节日主要是在美国国内庆祝。
(B) 这个节日的庆祝活动始于墨西哥的Puebla。
(C) 全世界的墨西哥人会在这天回到他们的祖国。
(D) 首先庆祝这个节日的人支持法国占领墨西哥。

答案:1. (D) 2. (A)

Building Your Vocabulary

1. invade vt. 侵略,入侵
Paul's kitchen is being invaded by roaches.
保罗的厨房正遭受蟑螂入侵。
2. overcome vt. 克服(三态为:overcome, overcame, overcome。)
I don't know how to overcome my shyness.
我不知该如何克服我的羞怯。
3. obstacle n. 阻碍(物)
Andy's road to success was full of obstacles.
安迪的成功大道上布满了重重阻挠。
4. occupation n. 占领,占据
The mob's occupation of the road continues.
暴民持续占据着这条道路。
5. honor vt. 尊崇;表彰
The soldier was honored for his bravery.
这名士兵因其英勇的表现而受到表彰。
6. found vt. 创立(本文中以现在分词作形容词用)
This research center was founded in 1990.
这个研究中心是于1990年创设的。
7. primarily adv. 主要地
Surfing is no longer primarily a man's sport.
冲浪不再只是一种以男性为主的运动了。

Phrases for Learning

reflect on...  仔细思考∕考虑……
You must reflect on your plans for the future.
你必须好好想想对未来的的计划。

Extra Words

1. outnumber vt. 在数量上胜过
2. rebellion n. 反抗;叛乱
3. emigrant n.(移居外国的)移民
4. heritage n. 传统;(文化等)遗产
5. founding father n. 开国元勋;(组织的)创立人

Tips In Use

...though greatly outnumbered...
(……尽管必须以寡敌众……)
  out- 加在某些动词之前时,可形成一及物动词,表『超过,比……优越』,如本文中的 outnumber。其它还有:outdo(胜过)、outsmart(智取;机智上胜过)、outlast(比……持久)、outshine(使黯然失色;比……出风头)、outdistance(领先)、outrank(级别高于……)等。
In the story, the cunning fox outsmarts the hunters.
(在这个故事中,狡猾的狐狸智取了猎人们。)
These gold batteries outlasted the blue ones.
(这些金色电池的电力比蓝色的要来得持久。)

本课程选自常春藤免费电子刊物。若对您英语学习有所帮助,请支持购买常春藤英语相关正版教材。
 
最近更新
常春藤生活英语【131】Working Up a Sweat
常春藤生活英语【130】Paying It Forward t
常春藤生活英语【129】The Best of the Wor
常春藤生活英语【128】Taiwan's Handmade C
常春藤生活英语【127】Salvage Code Red 海
常春藤生活英语【126】Destination: Kenya
常春藤生活英语【125】Dream Improvement 终
常春藤生活英语【124】The Master of Terro
广告
关于世博 - 广告投放 - 版权说明 - 音频帮助
沪ICP备1102486号 Copyright 1999-2013
版权所有 世博英语 www.360abc.com