常春藤生活英语【138】The California Gold Rush 一夕致富淘金梦
2013-07-27 17:03:13 来源：常春藤英语
The California Gold Rush 一夕致富淘金梦
Since the world's economy started having trouble, everyone has been looking for different ways to make money. For example, in the hills of California, people are seeking treasure. To be exact, they are searching for gold.
In 1848, gold was first found in California. By 1850, people from every part of the world were traveling to California to make their fortune. Although the California Gold Rush came to an end by the mid-1850s, gold can still be found in mountain rivers and streams there today.
Gold deposits are originally found inside mountains. As snow on the mountains melts, gold is washed down into local rivers and streams. It can then be found in the river beds. The simplest way to look for gold is called panning. A device which is called a gold pan is used to scoop mud up from the river bed. It is then swirled around at the surface of the water. Gold and other heavier objects will be left at the bottom of the gold pan, while mud and such will be washed out.
Panning for gold is simple, and you don't need a permit to do it. Today, many men, women, and even children can be seen panning for gold in the rivers of California. Although it is not difficult to find small bits of gold, getting enough to become rich is not very likely.
Building Your Vocabulary
1. economy n. 经济；经济情况
The global economy is slowly improving.
2. seek vt. 寻找，寻求（三态为：seek, sought, sought。）
Barry is seeking a job in marketing.
3. melt vi. 融化；熔化
This chocolate won't melt in your hands.
4. scoop vt. 舀出；铲出
Ian scooped some soil out of the flower pot.
5. permit n. 许可证
Rachel forgot to renew her work permit.
Phrases for Learning
1. to be exact 确切地说
A: I owe you $90. B: To be exact, it's $95.
2. make + 所有格∕a + fortune （某人）发财
Emily made a fortune by selling socks.
3. come to an end 结束，完结
All good things must come to an end.
1. gold rush n. 淘金潮，淘金热
2. mid- prefix 中间；中部
3. deposit n. 矿床，矿体
4. river bed n. 河床（亦常写为riverbed）
5. pan vi. 淘金 & n. 淘金盘
6. swirl vt. 使打转，使旋转
Tips In Use
...is used to scoop mud up from the river bed.
本句中的"scoop...up"（把……挖起来）亦可写为"scoop up..."，其中的 up 即为介副词。所谓介副词，就是由表示场所的介词（如 in, out, down, up, off）变成的副词。这些字之后没有受词时就是介副词（由介词变成的副词），有受词时就称介词。受词为普通名词或专有名词时，可置于动词与介副词之间或介副词之后；但受词为代名词时，只可置于动词和介副词之间。例：
Don't wake up the baby. (○)
= Don't wake the baby up.
Can you take out me to dinner? (×)
→ Can you take me out to dinner? (○)