常春藤生活英语【143】Four Wheels and a Board 滑板——冲浪者的突发奇想
2013-07-27 18:16:05 来源：常春藤英语
Four Wheels and a Board 滑板——冲浪者的突发奇想
In the 1950s, surfing had taken off in America. But there was one problem with waiting for the perfect wave—sometimes it just wouldn't come. On days when the ocean was flat, surfers still longed for the feeling of riding on top of the water. Eventually, a surfer took the wheels off of a pair of roller skates and attached four of them to his surfboard. While it wasn't perfect, this was the beginning of what would later be known as skateboarding.
By the 1960s, makers were producing skateboards and sold 50 million of them in just three years. Soon, some experts claimed that skateboards were unsafe, which caused sales to slow. In the 1970s, though, with the invention of a kick tail and new material for the wheels, skateboarding started becoming popular again. Skate parks were constructed and many new tricks were developed during this time. However, it wasn't until the 1980s and 1990s that skateboarding became a mainstream sport. Skaters were doing amazing tricks in big competitions that were attended by thousands of people. Skateboarding is now a sport that captures people's attention worldwide, all thanks to the cleverness of one surfer who got tired of waiting for waves.
Building Your Vocabulary
1. attach vt. 连接，固定；附上
You must attach a picture to your resume.
2. material n. 材料，原料
The material for building the house is wood.
3. construct vt. 建造，构筑
Taipei 101 was constructed starting in 1999.
4. competition n. 竞赛；竞争
There is fierce competition between those two companies.
5. attend vt. 参加，出席
Why didn't David attend the meeting today?
Phrases for Learning
1. take off 开始流行∕成功
I have heard that their business has taken off since they changed managers.
2. long for... 渴望……
The worker longs for a higher salary.
3. capture + 所有格 + attention 吸引某人注意
Ann's lovely smile captured Tim's attention.
1. surf vi. 冲浪
surfer n. 玩冲浪的人
surfboard n. 冲浪板
2. roller skate n. 四轮溜冰鞋
3. skateboarding n. 滑板（运动）
skateboard n. 滑板
4. kick tail n. 滑板两端扬起的部分
5. mainstream n. 主流（本文中作形容词用）
Tips In Use
While it wasn't perfect, this was the beginning of...
以下为您介绍 while 作连接词用时的三种用法：
1. while 表『虽然』时为副词连接词，等于 though 或 although，其引导的副词子句通常置于句首，其后加逗点，再接主要子句。本句即为此用法。
2. while 表『当……时』时为副词连接词，其所引导的副词子句可置于主要子句之前或之后，通常用来表示持续的动作或状态。
Your mother called while you were taking a shower.
3. while 表『（然）而』时为对等连接词，引导的主要子句通常置于另一主要子句之后，其前加逗点，即等于 whereas 或 but。
Max is good at cooking, while his wife doesn't cook at all.
到了1960年代，各家厂商纷纷制造了大量的滑板，甚至在三年内就卖出了五千万个。不久之后，一些专家声称滑板不甚安全，结果造成销售下滑。不过在 1970年代，因为kick tail及轮子新材质的发明，滑板运动又开始流行起来。于是在这段期间内，很多滑板公园就此兴建，不少新花招也纷纷出笼。然而一直到1980和1990年代，滑板运动才成为一项主流运动。滑板选手在参加数千人围观的大型比赛中，不断秀出令人叹为观止的各种惊人技巧。如今滑板运动俨然成为一项吸引全球注目的『潮』运动，这都得归功于一位冲浪者在厌烦等浪之际时的机智巧思。